English Electric Lightning
Links, References & Credits
- The Anglo-American Lightning Organisation are restoring
T.5 XS422 to airworthiness and are going to fly her - in the US!
- The Lightning Preservation Group look after XR728 and XS904 at Bruntingthorpe
and have resurrected the RAF Wattisham QRA hangar complex to house the pair - they need your support to keep the old girls running!
- The Lightning Association site was for a long time the
best set of Lightning pages on the net, including all sorts of Lightning preservation stuff,
tales from groundcrew, squadron information, picture gallery, individual aircraft histories. Thankfully after a period of stagnation
the site has come back to life again. The picture gallery is nice and big, with some great shots of Lightnings both static and flying.
- If you ever flew the Lightning, then Lightning Pilots is for you - and makes
a very interesting place to visit for the rest of us too with lots of photos and videos to enjoy.
- Garry Lakin has a nice selection of pictures, static and flying,
in his Aviation Picture Hangar.
He's on a mission to get every single Lightning ever built on his site, so if
you can help, please do!
- The Lightning Archive
is a selection of pictures of Lightnings throughout the 1980s - well worth a visit.
- The Lincolnshire Aircraft Preservation Trust help look after XR724 at Binbrook and
intend to rebuild XS457.
References - Books
full page colour photographs, most of them in flight with some others no
less interesting (ever seen a Lightning pilot pretending to be a
Firestreak?). While this is mostly a photo album there are some highly
interesting narratives by Lighting pilots of some of their memorable
occasions in their service. But the very best thing about this book is that
it completely covers the Lighting in service with the RAF from the Tiger Squadron F.1s
to farewell pictures of F.6s in formation with the Tornado. Foreign deployments
from Gutersloh to Tengah are also extensively covered. Haven't seen it myself but I'm told
it's a must-have!
A profile publication with excellent development
and service history, lots of colour profiles (but watch out for the one on page 20 showing the overwing tanks -
they're far too small and too far forward), pictures, scale plans (though they need to be unstapled from
the book) and a small selection of detail pictures. A few niggling errors such as the profile drawing
mentioned previously and XA847 being described as being at the RAF Museum (it had moved on far before this volume was published) mar
this one, but it's still recommended, especially for modellers.
Despite the title, this book covers the development history too, but
it does concentrate on the operational use by the RAF, RSAF and RKAF. Well researched information,
and plenty of it, make this a must-buy title. Includes plenty of pictures, including a selection of
very good quality colour ones in the middle, production breakdown, losses, squadron use, etc. etc. Highly
ever-excellent series of volumes includes this one which is worth buying for the Lightning article alone,
never mind all the other excellent articles (did you know Russia had a Valkyrie bomber equivalent?!).
Lavishly illustrated with photos, a colour gate-fold, 3-views, 3D cutaway, detail pictures,
has an excellent development and service history plus individual aircraft histories and details of
Lightning users. Highly recommended!
A novel for teenagers, but well worth the read,
and number one step in brainwashing your kids into liking Lightnings :-)
A marvellous pictorial record of the
last few years of Lightnings in service by the last pilot to qualify on Lightnings. Not just pictures; a good bit of text too. Highly recommended.
Similar in concept to the above book, but smaller and less lavish. Still worth getting hold of though.
Excellent and well worth 17 quid, this book is largely a collection of stories from ex-Lightning personnel. It's a thumping good read and also
includes lots of stuff on Lightning development and preservation. A must-buy, and it helps fund the
Lightning Preservation Group so they can look after their two Lightnings.
An authoritative account of Lightning development by the chief test pilot of the P1 programme. Lots of rare pictures, 3-views, etc. and thoroughly recommended.
I had a look through this one at a bookshop
and felt that £30 was a bit steep for this - it's quite similar to many previous Lightning books
(in particular some similar material to that in Lightnings Live On!), and hasn't got much in the way
of colour pictures - at that price that's being a bit cheeky I think.
Design, development and histories of every English Electric aircraft, including a very good section on the Lightning. Recommended.
Long out of print, this is the Lightning chief test pilot's account of his flying career, with a section on the Lightning. If you can find a copy, worth a read.
Short history, lots of detail pictures (all black and white), colour plans and some colour profiles. Recommended for modellers but watch out for the plans, they're not accurate.
A good book with development and service history, plenty of anecdotes, pictures (mostly monochrome but some gorgeous full-page colour ones too) and so on.
Very similar to the above title, with much repetition of pictures. However this book has more pictures and less text - in fact probably only a few pages of text in all; this is very much a pictorial look at the Lightning.
References - Magazines
- The Aeroplane, 13th July 1961: Lightning - full article including cutaway drawing.
- Aeroplane Monthly, August 1988: A Flash of Silver - part 1 of an article on the Lightning
by Roland Beamont (and therefore required reading of course!). This part covers flying the SB.5,
P.1 protoypes and development aircraft.
- Aircraft Illustrated, April 1970: Target
Practice Lightnings by Roger Levy. Very short article on Lightning Target Facilities Flights with some
monochrome pictures of the F.1s then used by the various TFFs.
- Aircraft Illustrated, August 1974: Lightnings at Gütersloh - photo report on 19 and 92 Sqn's F.2As,
some in colour.
- Aircraft Illustrated, June 1975: A Look at
the Lightning by Philip J. R. Moyes. A rundown of the variants with lots of, unfortunately small,
monochrome pictures, but one nice full-page colour shot of a T.5, T.4 and F.1A in formation.
- Aircraft Illustrated, July 1988: Lightning Flashes - centrespread colour picture of F.6 XS923 plus
a Squadron Print of F.6 XS903.
- Aircraft Illustrated, March 1996: Harnessing Lightning - article on Tony Hull's restoration
of T.5 XS452 to running condition with some good pictures (not just of XS452). XS452 is now in
South Africa... to fly!
- AIR Enthusiast, June 1972 - Arabian Fledgling - article on the Royal Saudi Air Force including
a fair bit on their Lightnings and some pictures of 53-693, 53-674 and 53-669.
- Air Extra number 14 by Ian Allen - The BAC Lightning - not seen it myself.
- Air Forces Monthly, September 1988: Last, Last Lightning Show - tribute, with some great pictures.
- AIR Pictorial and Air Reserve Gazette, December 1954: FD.2 and P.1 Technical Analysis by James Hay Stevens -
'deductions of a competent engineer from careful study of official photographs' - plus some scale plans of the P.1 drawn
based on photos - security was tight in those days!
- AIR Pictorial and Air Reserve Gazette, August 1957: P.1B by Roy Cross - centre spread with a few monochrome
pictures and a beautifully drawn 3-view.
- AIR Pictorial, January 1972: part 1 of Lightning in RAF Service (covering F.1, F.2, F.3 and T.4). With
several black and white pictures and camouflage scheme 3-view.
- AIR Pictorial, February 1972: part 2 of Lightning in RAF Service (covering T.5, F.6 and F.2A)
and Lightning Ride - an account from Roger Levy of his flight in T.5 XS422.
- AIR Pictorial, February 1976: Lightning Pilot by Dagmar Heller - well-rounded article about a
typical Lightning sortie.
- AIR Pictorial, January 1987: Lightning Flight - Malcolm English gets a go in a T.5. Lucky man!
- AIR Pictorial, July 1988: Last Lightning Sortie - article on a flight with 111 Sqn shortly before
retirement, some good monochrome pictures and a single colour one (inside the back cover).
- AIR Pictorial, June 1998: Lightning and
the Unbuilt Projects; an article from Tony Buttler on the various proposals for advanced Lightning variants.
Makes interesting reading! Several diagrams and a few pictures too.
- Flight International, September 1968: Multi-mission Lightning - not seen it myself.
- Jets, Summer 2000: Flight Test: Lightning F.6 vs Tornado F.3 by
Ian Black. Good article on flying both beasts - no guesses as to which wins when it comes to flying for fun!
- Modelaid International number 4: The Lightning - article on the Lightning with
three colour profiles (F.3, F.2A and F.6), development and service history, several monochrome pictures,
a cardboard fold-together cockpit for use in a 1/72 model and scale plans with coverage of the P.1A, P.1B,
F.1A, F.2A, F.3, T.4, T.5 and F.6 (side views only for all but F.6) plus a few monochrome detail
pictures. Worth getting hold of if you're a modeller and if you can find it!
- Osprey Magazine 1972: EE/BAC Lightning in RAF & foreign service - not seen it myself.
- Scale Aircraft Modelling, volume 22 number 3, May 2000:
Aircraft in Detail: EE (BAC) Lightning part 1: Development and Type Differences by Fred Martin. Lots of colour
photos and profile drawings, well worth getting.
- Scale Aircraft Modelling, volume 22 number 4, June 2000:
Aircraft in Detail: EE (BAC) Lightning part 2: Operating Units by Fred Martin. More colour
photos and a rundown of the squadrons that flew Lightnings with notes on colour schemes etc.
- Scale Aviation Modeller, volume 1 issue 9, September 1995: English Electric Lightning; service history,
many good photos (though most without any description or credit), number of camouflage scheme
side views, plus a good roundup of available Lightning model kits, accessories and decal sheets.
- Scale Aviation Modeller, volume 4 issue 2, February 1998: Very Heavy Metal - the Lightning F.2A/F.6;
history, some nice black and white photos of Lightnings at Malta, scale plans of the F.6 and ten
gorgeous colour profiles.
- Scale Modelling International, January 1992: part 1 of Echelon's Lightnings - article on building the Echelon vacform kit.
- Scale Modelling International, April 1992: part 2 of Echelon's Lightnings, with colour detail pictures.
- Scale Modelling International, May 1992: part 3 of Echelon's Lightnings.
- Scale Modelling International, July 1993: Triple Lightning Strike - article on building the Aeroclub 1/48 mixed media kits.
- Take Off numbers 18 and 19: Lightnings of the Royal Air Force - run down of colour schemes and
squadrons with lots of pictures.
- Warplane part 20: Lightning - bolt from the blue - good article with history, pictures, specs,
variants, superb foldout poster and cutaway drawing. Recommended.
This section would have been greatly the poorer without contributions from the following - so many thanks to (in
Allan Barley, Hugh Burt, Les Bywaters, Howard Cargill, Brian Carroll (RIP), Nick Challoner, Dick Clements (RIP),
Tony Collins, Kev Darling,
Burkhard Domke, Bob Dunn, John Burtenshaw, Matt Durrant, Nicolas Godfurnon, Michael Hall, Paul Hartley,
Roy Hauer, Tony Hulls, Tony Inkster, Mick Jennings,
Rick Kent, Kevin Kenz, Saso Knez, Garry Lakin, Bob Lawson, Tom Leonard, Dave Littlefield LRPS, Kieran Maher, Trevor Matthews,
Sandy Mullen, Paul Nann, Gary Parsons, Neil Pearson, Barry Pover, Mark Ray, Mick Reeves, Charles Ross,
Keith Smith, Hugh Trevor, Graham Tiller, Ian Turner, Les Turner, Louis Vosloo, Shaun Waite, Alex Walton, Christoph Westhaus
and Euan Withersby.
Thanks also to the following organisations:
Anglo-American Lightning Association, BAE Systems North West Heritage Group, Big Bird Aviation, East Midlands Aero Park,
Lashenden Air Warfare Museum, Lightning Preservation Group, Marine Salvage, MoD Boscombe Down, Phoenix Aviation, RAF Coltishall, RAF Museum Cosford
and Wonderland Pleasure Park.